Mold Inspection NJ, Mold Testing NJ,
Mold Remediation NJ, Mold Removal NJ, Since 1995
Widely accepted as the authority on mold inspection, mold testing, mold remediation and mold removal in the state, Absolutely Spotless, Inc. is reasonably priced, and offers the right solution for your mold remediation problems. We're certified, licensed, insured and are members of the Better Business Bureau. Our organization has been aiding the residents of, Flemington NJ, Bernardsville NJ, Englewood NJ, Princeton Junction NJ, Bloomfield NJ, Woodland Park NJ, and most other towns throughout the state by helping them deal with mold inspection, mold testing, mold removal, mold remediation, problems since 1995.
Types of Mold
There are many types of mold. In fact there are
over 10,000 known species. Some of these molds are
toxic and others are not. In addition, some cause
allergies. Understanding the type of mold and the
quantity in the air in your home is essential to
create a proper mold removal protocol. Each case
is different and therefore an understanding of the
effects of each type of fungi is imperative.
Below is a list of the most popular or typical
types of mold found in building structures along
with an explanation of their possible effects on
Aspergillus: Approximately 200
A. flavus: aflatoxin B1 & B2, cyclopiazonic acid,
A. fumigatus: ergot alkaloids, fumigaclavines,
gliotoxin, fumigatoxin, fumigillin, fumitremorgens,
helvolic acid, tryptoquivaline tremorgens, verruculogen.
A. niger: malformin C, oxalic acid.
A. versicolor: aspercolorin, averufin,
cyclopiazonic acid, sterigmatocystin, versicolorin.
There are approximately 200 different species
of Aspergillus which cannot be easily differentiated
by their morphology. Some species of Aspergillus
are considered serious, sixteen of which have been
documented as etiological agents of human disease.
The diseases caused by these species rarely occur
in individuals with normally functioning immune
systems. Toxin production is dependent on the species
or the strain within a species and on the food source.
These fungi are found in soil, compost piles, plant
debris and stored grain, as well as on water-damaged
building materials. This type of mold is considered
one of the most potent known.
Penicillium: Approximately 200 Known Species
Various toxins by different species: penicillic
acid, peptide nephrotoxin, viomellein, xanthomegin,
xanthocillin X, mycophenolic acid, roquefortine
C & D, citrinin, penicillin, cyclopiazonic acid,
isofumigaclavine A penitrem A, decumbin, patulin,
citreoviridin, griseofulvin, verruculogen, ochratoxin,
Description: A wide number of
organisms have been placed in this genus, therefore,
identification to a species is sometimes difficult.
It is commonly found in aerosol samples, carpet,
wallpaper, and interior fiberglass duct insulation.
Many species of Penicillium are common contaminants
on various substrates and are known as potential
mycotoxin producers. Human pathogenic species P.
Marneffei is known to cause disease in immune compromised
Chaetomium: Approximately 80
globosum produces chaetoglobosins.
Description: Chaetomium is a
large ascomycetous fungus easily identified by its
large “lemon-shaped” ascospores and large, round,
oval or flask shaped perithecia with straight and/or
wavy filamentous appendages. It is allergenic and
occasionally causes systemic or cutaneous phaeophyohomycosis.
It readily digests cellulose and is frequently isolated
from decomposing plant materials, especially woody
or straw-like materials. In water damaged buildings
it is frequently found on sheetrock and paper products.
Approximately 500 Known Species
Cladosporin, emodin, e acid.
Cladosporium is the most frequently found fungus
in outdoor air. Indoors, it usually occurs at low
concentrations in damp or humid areas, but may be
found in high concentrations in water-damaged building
materials. Its ability to sporulate heavily and
to get airborne makes it an important fungal allergen.
This type of mold has been found to be occasionally
associated with disease in humans; one species can
cause chronic subcutaneous infection. Cladosporium
can rapidly invade many different niches, and is
therefore considered ubiquitously problematic. It
is known to be a common cause of asthma in the Western
Stachybotrys: Approximately 15 Known Species
trichothecenes: verrucarin J, roridin E, satratoxin
F, G, & H, sporidesmin G, trichoverrol, cyclosporins,
Description: Stachybotrys is
a dark colored fungi that thrives on water damaged
cellulose rich materials such as sheetrock, paper,
ceiling tiles, cellulose containing insulation backing
and wallpaper. The presence of this fungus in buildings
is significant because of the mold’s ability to
produce extremely toxic (potent) mycotoxins. Exposure
to these toxins can occur through inhalation, ingestion
or dermal exposure and can include the following
symptoms: dermatitis, cough, rhinitis, nose bleeds,
a burning sensation in the mouth and nasal passages,
cold and flu symptoms, headache, general malaise,
and fever. Inhalation of conidia may also induce
pathological changes pneumomycotoxicoses). Satratoxin
has been reported to be easily absorbed in animals
and in high doses or chronic low doses it can be
lethal. Considerable recent media attention has
been focused on the fungi Stachybotrys chartarum
(atra) due to infant deaths in Cleveland, Ohio from
pulmonary hemosiderosis, which may be associated
with contamination of residences with this fungus.
Call (732) 431-9099
Mold Removal, Mold Remediation, Mold Testing, Mold Inspection,
Flemington NJ, Bernardsville NJ, Englewood NJ,
Princeton Junction NJ, Bloomfield NJ, Woodland Park NJ
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Mold Remediation, Mold Removal, Mold Testing,
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